文章摘要
科技金融政策执行研究:影响因素及理论模型——基于企业问卷与多案例研究
Research on of Science and Technology Financial Policy Implementation: Factors and Model Building——Questionnaire Survey and Case Study
投稿时间:2017-02-24  最后修改时间:2017-02-24
DOI:
中文关键词: 科技金融政策  政策执行  问卷调查  案例研究
英文关键词: science and technology financial policy  policy implementation  questionnaire survey  case study
基金项目:国家社科基金重点项目“创新型企业知识产权质押贷款风险与预警研究” (14AJY004)
作者单位E-mail
苑泽明 天津财经大学商学院 yzm4033@126.com 
李田 天津财经大学商学院 litian_19890814@126.com 
贾玉辉 天津财经大学商学院;天津工业大学管理学院  
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中文摘要:
      内容提要:科技型中小企业是科技金融政策的目标群体和受益对象,企业的意见反馈对完善政策制定及执行机制具有重要意义。基于科技型中小企业视角,借鉴公共政策理论构建了政策执行分析框架;通过问卷调查和多案例研究,深入政策执行的动态过程,探索影响政策获知、政策申请及政策落实的因素及其作用机制;在此基础上构建科技金融政策执行影响因素模型。研究表明,创新投入压力与企业家精神会影响企业的政策获知意愿进而导致不同的获知效果;创新活动类型与申请成本通过影响企业的政策偏好以干预其申请决策,所有权性质与执行门槛通过增加政策申请难度削弱企业政策参与的积极性;拨款及时性、部门间协作与资金监管则共同作用于政策落实,以影响企业对政策执行的最终满意度。
英文摘要:
      Tech small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) are the target group and benefited object of science and technology financial policy, and their feedback in the process of policy implementation is of great significance to improvement of policy making and implementation. Based on perspective of tech SMEs, analysis framework was built according to the theory of public policy. Then questionnaire survey and case study were carried out successively to explore the factors and their mechanism deeply in the process of policy implementation consisting of policy acquisition, policy application and policy availability, which contributed to the building of target group oriented factor model for science and technology financial policy implementation. The results show that pressure of innovation input and entrepreneurship develop the corporate intention of policy acquisition; innovation type and application cost determine the enterprise policy preferences to intervene the application decision, ownership of property and implementation threshold increase the difficulty of enterprise policy participation; fragmentation, collaboration between departments and regulatory influence final satisfaction of policy implementation.
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