文章摘要
徐雷屈沙郑理.信息不对称视角下的剩余索取权分配测度[J].经济与管理研究,2017,(10):44-53
信息不对称视角下的剩余索取权分配测度
Measurement of Residual Claim Allocation from Information Asymmetry
投稿时间:2016-10-20  
DOI:10.13502/j.cnki.issn1000-7636.2017.10.005
中文关键词: 信息不对称议价能力剩余索取权双边随机边界模型
英文关键词: information asymmetric  bargaining power  residual claim  two tier stochastic frontier model
基金项目:国家社会科学基金重大项目“我国收入分配体制改革动态跟踪和效果评估研究”(12&ZD049);国家社会科学基金重点项目“转型期我国居民收入差距接纳度与调节对策研究”(12AJL008)
作者单位
徐雷屈沙郑理 湖南商学院经济与贸易学院深圳大学中国经济特区研究中心中国建设银行湖南省分行 
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中文摘要:
      基于中国综合社会调查(CGSS)2013微观层面数据,本文借助双边随机边界模型测度劳资双方议价能力对剩余索取权分配的影响,结果显示:信息不对称使得劳动者愿意接受的最低劳动报酬与企业愿意支付的最高劳动报酬之间存在剩余,这一剩余的分配主要取决于劳资双方在谈判中议价能力的大小。具体而言,劳动者的议价能力使其获得的劳动报酬高出基准劳动报酬17.69%,企业的议价能力使其支付的劳动报酬低于基准劳动报酬23.59%,两者的博弈结果使劳动者获得的实际劳动报酬比基准劳动报酬低5.90%。从样本异质性来看,国有企业及其员工的议价能力均是最弱的,外资企业及其员工的议价能力均是最强的,而外资企业获得的劳动报酬净剩余最大。此外,劳动合同、工会对劳动者的剩余获取能力的影响并不明显。基于这样的现实,劳动者在薪酬谈判中的信息劣势地位不利于中国劳动报酬占GDP比重的提高,因此保障和提高劳动者的剩余索取权成为破解劳资经济利益分配不公平难题的政策着力点所在。
英文摘要:
      With the CGSS2013 data,the paper uses the two tier stochastic frontier model to measure effects of the bargaining power between employers and employees on the residual claim allocation.The results show that information asymmetry makes a surplus between the minimum labor remuneration which the workers is willing to accept and the highest wage which the enterprise is willing to pay,and the distribution of the surplus mainly depends on the bargaining power in the negotiations between employers and employees.Specifically,the workers negotiation ability can make their wage 17.69% higher than the benchmark labor remuneration,and the bargaining power of enterprises can makes the payment 23.59% lower than the benchmark labor remuneration,causing the workers to receive an actual labor remuneration 5.90% lower than the benchmark of labor remuneration.Seen from the sample heterogeneity,the state owned enterprises and their employees have the weakest bargaining power;the foreign enterprises and their employees have the strongest bargaining power,and the foreign capital enterprises get the largest net surplus;while the influence of labor contract and the labor union on the acquisition ability of labor surplus is not obvious.Based on this reality,the inferior position in pay negotiations of the workers is not conducive to an increase in the proportion that labor remuneration accounts for GDP.Therefore,protecting and improving the laborers surplus claim become the focus in making policies,in order to solve the problem of the unfair distribution of economic benefits between employers and employees.
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